Tuesday, 28 June 2016

Trove Tuesday: S. A. Women's Golf Championship

27 June 2016, yesterday at the time of writing this post, was the 108th anniversary of
the birth of my grandmother Kathleen Cudmore (1908-2013).

One of Kathleen's hobbies was golf. In 1934 she won the South Australian Women's Golf Championship.
New Woman Golf Champion (1934, August 9). Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954), , p. 35. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article91064101


Ladies Golf Championship of S Australia 1934 won by Kathleen Ch de Crespigny
NEW WOMAN GOLF CHAMPION (1934, August 4). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article35125311 (click on image to enlarge)
This newspaper clipping is from Kathleen's clipping book. The same photo appeared in the Adelaide Advertiser of 4 August 1934 on page 20 with the caption "LOSER PRESENTS CUP. Mrs. E. Britten Jones, as president of the South Australian Ladies' Golf Union, presented the women's championship cup to Mrs. G. de Crespigny, who defeated her in the final round at Kooyonga yesterday, 1 up. The championship ended with a most exciting round."
Chiefly Out of Doors (1934, April 19). Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954), , p. 37. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article92355975
"ASSOCIATES from the Kooyonga and Royal Adelaide Golf Clubs held their annual competition for the Cudmore Challenge Cup at Seaton yesterday.Some of the competitors photographed daring the match. Left:—Mrs. G. de Crespigny driving off" from (1934, June 2). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954), p. 20. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article35110345
The Advertiser TUESDAY. JUNE 19. 1934 (1934, June 19). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954), p. 16. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article35114240
Front page news: Golf Finalists (1934, August 3). News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954), , p. 1. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article128840974

The Adelaide Mail of 24 November 1934, page 6, reported on What Women Golfers Do in Summer.
Mrs. Geoffrey de Crespigny, State golf champion, combines a little golf on cooler days with tennis in the summer time. She finds golf quite pleasant when it is not too hot. Although the ground on most links is dry off the fairways, these are kept well watered.

Tuesday, 21 June 2016

William Robert Young (1876 - 1942)

William Robert Young (1876 - 1942) was the second youngest child of George Young (1826 - 1890) and Caroline Young née Clarke (1835 - 1879).

photograph  from Noel Tunks inscribed  on front Billy Young and on back William Young m// Julia


William married Julia Kenny (1871-1950) in 1916. They had no children.

He died on 3 January 1942 at Warburton, Victoria, two days before his younger brother Ernest.

Obituary (1942, January 17). Healesville and Yarra Glen Guardian (Vic. : 1900 - 1942), p. 4. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60676810



Monday, 20 June 2016

20 June 1756 Black Hole of Calcutta

On 20 June 1756 Patrick Johnston(e) (1737-1756), my 7th great uncle, died in the prison of the Nawab Siraj-ud-daulah, later known as the "Black Hole of Calcutta" in India.

Three years previously, at the age of sixteen, Patrick had joined the East India Company as an accountant. He was eighteen when he died.

Memorial to the victims, St John's Church Calcutta
Photograph in 2011 by Pdr123 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Patrick's name is listed on a memorial to victims.


One of the prisoners, J. Z. Holwell, wrote an account of the incident. He reported that 146 were imprisoned and in a room only 4.30m. x 5.50 m (14 feet x 18 feet) 123 died overnight from overcrowding. It is suggested that Howell exaggerated these numbers and that probably only 69 men were imprisoned. Howell listed P. [Patrick] Johnston in his account.

Patrick was the thirteenth of the fourteen children of Sir James Johnston.

In 1753 Patrick Johnstone petitioned to be admitted as a writer, that is, a junior clerk, in the East India Company and on 31 October 1753 he was approved as a writer for Bengal.

In his petition to join the company Patrick stated that he had been "educated in writing and Accompts," and he presented a certificate showing he had undergone "a complete course of Mathematick and Book keeping" with a teacher in Edinburgh.

Also at the age of sixteen, Patrick's older brother John (1734-1795) had been admitted as a writer in 1750.  Two of John's maternal uncles gave their security for his appointment. John's teacher in Edinburgh certified his capacity to be able to discharge his duties as a clerk. John arrived in India in 1751.

Patrick's appointment in 1753 was on the security of two London merchants: Peter Linehup of St George's Hanover Square and Alexander Grant of London, Merchant. Lord Elibank, the brothers' maternal uncle, seems to have declined to provide security for Patrick. Lord Elibank had previously provided security for Patrick's older brother John.

From 1741–1846 the East India Company required a bond for faithful service. Becoming a Writer was the passport to great riches but riches were not always acquired without dubious dealing and corruption. A young man who survived ten years, exiled in a trying and dangerous climate, expected to go home rich and the East India Company allowed leeway for creative personal trading as long as its own profits were not affected.

In September 1755 Patrick wrote to his brother William (1729-1805):
My very worthy brother Johny & I are trying to establish & carry on a Good Trade Tho We want Money to make it an extensive one. (Rothschild, The inner life of empires, page 27)

When the fighting began in 1756 in the so-called 'Carnatic Wars', a three-way conflict between the local rulers of the Moghul Empire and the French and British East India Companies, John and Patrick were captured. Patrick was imprisoned and died. John, however, was in Dhaka in East Bengal, and was released into the custody of the French.

John later fought in the 1757 battle of Plassey in which the British East India Company under Robert Clive defeated the Nawab of Bengal.


Further reading

Friday, 17 June 2016

Sun charts

I was interested to read about sun charts, a new product from MyHeritage for displaying family trees.  I have seen circular charts displayed at the Genealogical Society of Victoria and thought they looked very elegant, but they were hand drawn and it looked like a lot of work.

In the 1990s a cousin arranged for a de Crespigny family tree to be drawn up by hand. It is very elegant but clearly a lot of work, not only in compiling the research, but also in arranging the branches of the tree and all the descendants.

This morning I signed up to MyHeritage and uploaded a gedcom. The process was easy and efficient.

I have generated a couple of charts and I have had them printed up at OfficeWorks. It was only $4 per A0 sheet and I am very pleased with the results.

The next step will be to add photographs to the tree at MyHeritage as I think this will make the charts more interesting.  I haven't got pictures for everyone but I have quite a few.

This chart is of the descendants of Claude Champion de Crespigny (1620-1695) my eighth great grandfather. 12 generations are shown in the one chart.
This chart is just of the Australian branch of the family, that is the descendants of Philip Robert Champion de Crespigny (1817-1889), my 3rd great grandfather.

This is one of the three sheets of the family tree drawn up in the early 1990s



Tuesday, 14 June 2016

Fire at Creswick


Alice Young (1859-1935) was the third of the 13 children of George and Caroline Young. Alice was born at White Hills in the district of Maryborough, Victoria. (White Hills is now known as Havelock, 10 kilometres north of Maryborough. In the 1850s and 60s it was a mining centre and at one time had a population of 6,000.)


In Avoca in 1880 Alice married a miner named John Carl Henry Reher (1837--1891), and between 1881 and 1886 they had four children, all born in Talbot

In 1884 Reher was injured in a mining accident; a winch failed and he fell down a shaft.  The accident left him an invalid. He died in 1891, seven years later.

In 1893 in Talbot Alice re-married, to her brother-in-law Thomas Fish (1872--1941), younger brother of Alfred, husband of her sister Rachel.

Alice and Thomas had three children. Two were born in Talbot, in 1895 and 1898; the third was born in Creswick in 1900.
Among some Young family photographs, which Noel Tunks kindly passed to me,there is one (undated) of Aunty Alice Fish standing on the steps of her house in Raglan Street, Creswick.

The photograph is of Alice's second house. The first burnt down in 1910.






I think the house is at Raglan Street, Creswick and it seems to be still standing.




In 1910 there was a fire at the house of Thomas Fish in Raglan Street, Creswick.  The fire, possibly caused by hot coals falling out of a fireplace, destroyed the house and everything in it, including a new piano. Alice and her children escaped through a window, just in time. Mr Fish was away from home. A fireman was injured when a chimney collapsed.


FIRE AT CRESWICK. (1910, June 30). The Ballarat Star (Vic. : 1865 - 1924), , p. 6. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article216368354
FIRES. (1910, June 30). The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), , p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article184305719
FIREMAN'S ESCAPE. (1910, June 30). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), , p. 8. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article10868167

The Fish family were still living at Raglan Street at the time of Alice's death in 1935.

Family Notices (1935, December 28). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), , p. 9. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11868634

Alice was my husband's great great aunt.


Related posts

Tuesday, 7 June 2016

James Ernest Young (1878 - 1942)

James Ernest Young (1878 - 1942), known as Ernest,  was the youngest child of George Young (1826 - 1890) and Caroline Young née Clarke (1835 - 1879).

Ernest was born at Lamplough near Avoca, Victoria, on 28 November 1878. He was the youngest of 13 children. Five had died before he was born. Ernest's father was a miner, aged 50, born in Liverpool. Caroline, his mother was aged 43 and her birthplace was given as Sydney (on the birth certificates of other children her birthplace had been given as Tumut, New South Wales). Caroline was the informant of the birth registration at Avoca on 19 December 1878.

Ernest's mother Caroline died  a year later on 17 December 1879. George did not remarry. Ernest probably grew up at Lamplough, cared for by his father and his older brothers and sisters.

Ernest's first first wife was Mary Shea (1873 - 1920). They married in 1906 at Maryborough. On his marriage certificate he called himself Ernest. They had no children.

On 9 February 1916 Ernest enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force. He gave his age as 36 years two months. He was a railway employee. His next of kin was his wife Mrs Mary Young. Her address was Kirkham Road, Dandenong, Victoria. He was 5'8" tall and had dark hair. He was assigned to the 3rd Australian Pioneer Battalion and sailed overseas in June 1916. (National Archives of Australia: B2455: Young Ernest James : SERN 348 : POB Lamplough VIC : POE Melbourne VIC : NOK W Young Mary )

In June 1917 Ernest was gassed, but was returned to the field. He later suffered various illnesses, some probably as a result of his gas injuries: German measles, scabies, myalgia, debility. He rejoined his unit in October 1918 and was promoted to Lance Corporal on 9 November 1918. He returned to Australia in 1919 and was discharged in July 1919.

Ernest's wife Mary died on 20 December 1920.

Family Notices (1920, December 23). South Bourke and Mornington Journal (Richmond, Vic. : 1872 - 1920), , p. 2 (WEEKLY.). Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article66199375

On 24 May 1921 Ernest remarried. His second wife was Emma Jane Jesson née Trewin (1880 - 1954), a divorcee. She had obtained a divorce in 1913 on the grounds of desertion from James Henry Jesson.  Emma had custody of the three children from her first marriage.

Ernest and Emma had a son, Ernest William George Young born 1922 who died 1993 leaving no children.

Ernest died 5 January 1942 age 63 of chronic nephritis and heart failure. His occupation on his death certificate was retired builder.

One of his death notices remembered all his brothers and sisters, even the infant George Young who had died in 1853, nearly 90 years earlier.

Family Notices (1942, January 6). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 2. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8226186


Obituary (1942, January 7). The Dandenong Journal (Vic. : 1927 - 1954), p. 10. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article215706875

Emma died in 1954.


Mrs. Emma J. Young (1954, November 3). The Dandenong Journal (Vic. : 1927 - 1954), p. 24. Retrieved from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article218513675


Monday, 6 June 2016

William Smith Daw (1810 - 1877)

This week's Sepia Saturday prompt image is of a water mill in Wales.



My husband's great great great grandfather, William Smith Daw (1810 - 1877) was a miller. In 1841 he lived at Upcott Mill, near Sheepwash, Devon.

1841 census of England: Class: HO107; Piece: 244; Book: 10; Civil Parish: Sheepwash; County: Devon; Enumeration District: 3; Folio: 4; Page: 3; Line: 5; GSU roll: 241320 retrieved from ancestry.com

He and his wife Mary had five children aged between 6 months and 9 years.  One was my husband's great great grandmother Sarah (1837 - 1895).

When I was looking for information about the Sheepwash mill, Gary from Sheepwash told me that the mill site now had only ruined buildings. He referred me to the 1839 tithe apportionments and map, and pointed out that millers tended to move around quite a bit as they rarely owned their own mills.

In 1839 Upcott Mill at Sheepwash was owned by the Reverend William Bickford Coham and George Coham Esquire who seem to have owned considerable amounts of land  in the area. The Tithe apportionment shows a number of fields and an orchard associated with the mill.

1839 tithe apportionment for Sheepwash, Devon page 20 showing Upcott Mill from http://files.devon.gov.uk/tithe/sheepwash.pdf (click to enlarge image)

1839 Tithe map for Sheepwash, Devon showing the fields associated with Upcott Mill. The tithe map is available through http://www.devon.gov.uk/tithemaps.htm . The highlighting was done by Gary, a resident of Sheepwash.

The location of Upcott Mill north of the village of Sheepwash on Mussel Brook can be seen from the full map and can be compared with Google maps.



In 1851 the Daw family were at Wendron, Cornwall, just over 80 miles south-west of Sheepwash.  In the 1851 census William Daw was described as a miller and farmer of 25 acres.

1851 census of England: Class: HO107; Piece: 1912; Folio: 158; Page: 13; GSU roll: 221066.retrieved from ancestry.com

Confirmation that it is the same family is obtained from the birthplaces. For example, Elizabeth aged 11 in 1851 was born in "Shipwash", Devon.

The family moved to Cornwall about 1844. Honor, aged 8 in 1851, was born in North Tawton, Devon. Louisa, aged 6 in 1851, was born in Helston, Cornwall.

Trelubis, also written Trelubbas, was a hamlet midway between Helston and Wendron near Trannack,. It is not marked on Googlemaps.

Trelubis near Wendron and Helston from Ordnance Survey First Series, Sheet 31 retrieved from Vision of Britain Historical Maps

The 1876 Ordnance Survey map gives more detail, though I am not sure where the mill at Trelubis was. Perhaps it was the mill immediately above the label 'Lower Town'.


Trelubbas near Trannack from Ordnance Survey Cornwall LXXVI.NW - OS Six-Inch Map first published 1876. Retrieved from National Library of Scotland http://maps.nls.uk/view/101439575  Reproduced with the permission of the National Library of Scotland
In November 1851 there was an accident at the mill, serious but not fatal:
SERIOUS ACCIDENT ­ On Thursday the 13th instant, as a little girl named BISHOP was amusing herself by putting straws into a thrashing machine, situate at the back of Mr. DAWE's Flour Mills, at Lower Town, near Helston, her arm got entangled in the machine, and was torn off just below the elbow. Medical assistance was promptly obtains, and amputation above the elbow joint being necessary it was performed by Messrs. BORLASE and ROSKRUGE, and the child is doing well. Not many minutes before the accident Mr. Dawe had sent her out of the building, but she had returned unobserved. (I am not sure which newspaper this comes from. This item is in the newspaper collection of Sheila Pryor.)

In 1853 the Daw's youngest child Sophia was drowned. She was just 14 months old.

Royal Cornwall Gazette - Truro Cornwall 3 June 1853  page 5 retrieved from FindMyPast
Image reproduced with kind permission of The British Newspaper Archive (www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk) © THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Another newspaper report of 3 June 1853
On Tuesday, a little girl, daughter of Mr. DAWE, miller, of Lowertown, in Wendren, came by her death in a most melancholy manner. The child who was only fourteen months old, was suddenly missed, and there being a river running in front of Mr. Daw's house by which the mill is worked, search was immediately made, and after an hour and a half, the body was found in a pit at the bottom of the river, having previously passed over the mill wheel, under two bridges, and down the stream a considerable distance. (Newspaper item in the collection of Sheila Pryor.)


I learned from the family history website of  Lorna Henderson, my husband's 5th cousin,  (http://familytree.lornahen.com/pi27.htm ) that the Daw family were millers in a number of places in Devon and Cornwall. Lorna was trying to work out which family members might be pictured in a photograph that her grandmother had of Lumburn Mill, Tavistock, West Devon.

I still have much research to do on this generation of the family.