Wednesday, 14 January 2015

52 ancestors: Whitehall June 15 1727

I thought I would look at the earliest record in the London Gazette of someone named de Crespigny. I assumed it would be the record of a military appointment.

Philip Crespigny (1704-1765)
Attributed to Jean-Baptiste Van Loo - Date unknown ... Owner/Location: Kelmarsh Hall retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/arts/yourpaintings/paintings/philip-champion-de-crespigny-17041765-49144


I was surprised to find that this de Crespigny was my sixth great grandfather, Philip Crespigny (1704-1765), who had been present at the proclamation of King George II (1683-1760) on 14 June 1727.1

King George II by Charles Jervas painted about 1727. Photograph retrieved from Wikipedia.


I realised I knew very little about my sixth great grandfather.

Philip was the fifth of six children of Thomas Champion Crespigny (1664-1712) and Magdalen née Granger (1664-1730).

Thomas, who had been born in France, came as a boy to England as a Huguenot refugee. He served in the English military. From 1689 he was a cornet in Lord Cardross' Scottish Regiment of Dragoons, a Lieutenant of Colonel Richard Cunningham's Regiment of Scots Dragoons in 1695, and Captain Lieutenant of the Marquis of Lothian's Regiment of Dragoons at Jedburgh in 1703.2 This regiment later became the 7th Queen's Own Hussars.

Thomas married Magdalen, daughter of Israel Granger of Alencon in 1695 at St Mary Magdalen, Old Fish Street, London.3 Magdalen had also been born in France and her family were also Huguenot refugees.4

They had six children:5
  • William (1698-1721)
  • Marie (1699-1700)
  • Jeanne (1700-1773), who married Gilbert Allix (1694-1767)
  • Claude (1701-1703)
  • Philip (1704-1765)
  • Claude (1706-1782)

Thomas died on 17 July 1712. He was buried at St Marylebone, London.  His will, dated 1704, left all his goods to his wife Magdalen.6

The surviving children at the time of Thomas's death were aged 14, 12, 8 and 6.

I wonder who helped Magdalen bring up her children? Was the family helped by her Granger relatives or by Magdalen's de Crespigny in-laws?

Magdalen's mother, Marie Granger, was a widow when she made her will in 1711.7 Magdalen's father, Israel Granger, had died in 1700.8 Marie Granger left her estate between Magdalen and the children of another daughter, Marthe. Marthe had married Florand Dauteuil in 1699, at the Savoy Church in the Strand. Marthe had died before 1711 when her mother made her will. Mary Granger's will was proved in 1713. It appears that Magdalen had no adult relatives on the Granger side of her family to support her.

Thomas's older brother Pierre (1662-1739) was a lawyer. In her will, Magdalen leaves Pierre 200 pounds.9 In his will Pierre makes Philip and Claude his executors and leaves them one hundred pounds each.10 Pierre was the godfather of Claude, Magdalen and Thomas's youngest son. Pierre did not marry and had no children. I think it very likely that Pierre helped Magdalen to raise her children.

Although we do not have the details, it would seem that the education of Claude and Philip enabled them to be successful: Claude as secretary of the South Sea Company, a major British trading company; Philip as a lawyer, who eventually became a proctor to the Lord Admiral, in addition to holding several directorships.

Philip and Claude had very successful careers despite the untimely death of their father and the fact that both their parents were Huguenot refugees.

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Notes
1. The London Gazette Publication date: 13 June 1727 Issue: 6590 Page: 1 retrieved from https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/6590/page/1
2. from page 22 of Huguenot and Scots Links, 1575-1775 Author David Dobson Publisher Genealogical Publishing Com, 2010 ISBN 0806352841, 9780806352848 Length 92 pages retrieved from http://books.google.com.au/books?id=sN1nOOPKqKsC&pg=PA22 3 February 2012
3. Name: Magdalen Granger Marriage Date: Feb 1695 Parish: St Mary Magdalen, Old Fish Street County: Surrey Borough: City of London Spouse: Thomas Champion Record Type: Marriage Register Type: Parish Register from London Metropolitan Archives, St Mary Magdalen Old Fish Street, Composite register: baptisms, 1664 - 1717, marriages, 1664 - 1712 and burials, 1664 - 1717, P69/MRY10/A/002/MS010221 retrieved from ancestry.com.au
4. de la Pinsonnais, Amaury. "La Famille Granger." Histoire Et Généalogie. Amaury de la Pinsonnais, 13 June 2010. Web. 14 Jan. 2015. http://pinsonnais.free.fr/genea/?id=granger&page=2.
5. de Crespigny, Rafe Champions in Normandy : being some remarks on the early history of the Champion de Crespigny family. R. de Crespigny, Canberra, 1988. page 9.
6. Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills (PCC): Thomas Champion De Crespigny Date of Probate July 1712 Date of Will 24th June 1704 Reference PROB11/527 retrieved from thegenealogist.co.uk
7. PCC: Mary Granger Place of Abode St James Westminster, London Date of Probate March 1713 Date of Will 18th February 1711 Reference PROB11/532 retrieved from thegenealogist.co.uk
8. London, England, Wills and Probate. Israel Granger, Middlesex, Probate date 1700. London Metropolitan Archives and Guildhall Library Manuscripts Section, Clerkenwell, London, England; Reference Number: AM/PW/1700/031
9. PCC: Magdalen Champion de Crespigny Profession Widow Date of Probate 9th October 1730 Date of Will 19th February 1730 Reference PROB11/640 retrieved from thegenealogist.co.uk
10. PCC: Peter Champion de Crespigny Place of Abode St James Westminster, Middlesex Date of Probate 1st August 1740 Date of Will 10th August 1736 Reference PROB11/704 retrieved from thegenealogist.co.uk

Wednesday, 7 January 2015

52 ancestors: 1839 arrival in Australia of Samuel Proudfoot Hawkins (1819-1867)

This year I will be taking part in the 52 ancestors in 52 weeks challenge initiated by Amy Johnson Crow. “The challenge: have one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor.”

I have written before about Samuel Proudfoot Hawkins (1819-1867), who was my great great great grandfather. He arrived in Australia just over 175 years ago.
Cherry stones p. 44  "Probably an engagement photograph, but certainly of Jeanie and Samuel Hawkins taken about 1849."
In 1839, when he was only twenty, Samuel Hawkins, 'occupation storekeeper', sailed from Greenock near Glasgow to Port Phillip (Melbourne), in the colony of New South Wales on the David Clark, the first ship to sail there directly with migrants from the United Kingdom. Hawkins travelled by himself. His eldest brother, Robert, and cousin, Thomas, had previously settled in New South Wales.1

The David Clark in 1820 coming into the harbour of Malta - image from http://members.iinet.net.au/~pymble/David%20Clark/DavidClark.html
In 1839 the David Clark was chartered to bring the first bounty immigrants from Scotland to Melbourne. She left Greenock on 15 June 1839 with a piper, John Arthur, who was later first curator of the Melbourne Botanic Gardens, playing Lochaber No More.2

The voyage was via Rio de Janeiro and the David Clark arrived at Port Phillip, Melbourne on 27 October, 1839.3

from the Caledonian Mercury 15 June 1839 page 3 retrieved through findmypast.com.au

As the Yarra at that time was unnavigable for a ship the size of the David Clark, the passengers were landed in boats at Sandridge (now Port Melbourne), the women being carried ashore by the sailors and men. Then came a long walk across the ti-tree flats and sandhills over what is now known as Fishermans Bend, Emerald Hill, (now South Melbourne) to the Queens Falls where they crossed the Yarra. Their chattels were brought on by dray and bullock wagon.4

Adamson, John (1841). MELBOURNE (Port Phillip). Lithograph similar to an engraving "Melbourne from the South Side of the Yarra Yarra 1839" Retrieved from the  State Library of Victoria http://handle.slv.vic.gov.au/10381/87604
Landing at Melbourne 1840, watercolour by W. F. E. Liardet. Original held by the State Library of Victoria. Image retreived from Wikimedia Commons.

In 1839 Port Phillip had a population of about 4,000 European settlers. The settlement on the banks of the Yarra River had commenced in 1835. It was named Melbourne in 1837.5

The Launceston Advertiser gave an account of the first experiences of the new immigrants to Port Phillip. After the five month voyage, the 229 immigrants were accommodated in tents, a temporary refuge set up by Lieutenant-Governor La Trobe. Most of the men and all of the women found employment immediately. On the evening of their arrival they danced in the open under the moonlight to the sound of bagpipes. Later that night they went to see a corroboree being held about a mile away.

PORT PHILLIP PAPERS—To Nov. 9th. (1839, November 21). Launceston Advertiser (Tas. : 1829 - 1846), p. 1 Supplement: SUPPLEMENT.. Retrieved January 5, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article84756256

In October 1839 Samuel Proudfoot Hawkins was employed by the surveyor Robert Russell.

State Records Authority of New South Wales; Kingswood New South Wales, Australia; Persons on bounty ships arriving at Port Phillip (Agent's Immigrant Lists); Series: 5318; Reel: 2143A; Item: [4/4813]. Retrieved through ancestry.com.au. Samuel Hawkins is passenger 13 in the list of single men.
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Notes
1. Hudson, Helen Lesley Cherry stones : adventures in genealogy of Taylor, Hutcheson, Hawkins of Scotland, Plaisted, Green, Hughes of England and Wales ... who immigrated to Australia between 1822 and 1850. H.L. Hudson, [Berwick] Vic, 1985. p. 38
Janson, Elizabeth. "They Came by the David Clark in 1839." In Victoria before 1848. OoCities.org, 1999. retrieved 04 Nov. 2013. <http://www.oocities.org/vic1847/ship/david39.html>.

2. PIONEER VOYAGE MEMORIES. (1939, October 26). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 6. Retrieved January 5, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11231997
3. THE LABOUR SHORTAGE WAS DESPERATE —IN 1839. (1950, June 17). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 26 Supplement: Weekend Magazine. Retrieved January 5, 2015, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article22836148
Pymble, Lance. "David Clark." 1 Oct. 2009. Web. 4 Jan. 2015. <http://members.iinet.net.au/~pymble/David Clark/DavidClark.html>.

4 Ward, Andrew. Port Phillip Heritage Review Version 15. Vol. 1., 2011. p. 16. Issuu. City of Port Phillip, 2011. Web. 05 Jan. 2015. <http://issuu.com/copponline/docs/120815015045-783dc9e9e1e044da8708329c8365cf4d/16>.
5. "1830s Melbourne Named and Settled." Immigration to Victoria - a Timeline. Museum Victoria, 15 Feb. 2011. Web. 5 Jan. 2015. <http://museumvictoria.com.au/discoverycentre/websites-mini/immigration-timeline/1830s/>.