Thursday, 14 November 2013

Victorian Archives Centre

Yesterday (13 November 2013)  I attended the Victorian Archives Centre Stakeholder meeting on behalf of the Australasian Association of Genealogists and Record Agents (AAGRA).

Some exciting developments were shared with us.
By the end of this month a new probate index will be launched covering 1841-2007.

An agreement has been signed with FamilySearch to digitise wills and probate records from 1926 - 1937 extending the digitisation of those records which is currently up to 1925.

An agreement with another company is close to being finalised to digitise all the current microform holdings that have been produced by the Public Record Office. And further discussions with others are being held around additional digitisation projects.  Accessibility of frequently used items of the collection looks to be taking a great leap forward!

There was a presentation on online transformation and redevelopment of the website of the Public Record Office (PROV). Building and delivery of the website will occur up until 2015.  The current disparate components of the website:
  • Access the collection
  • PROV online indexes
  • PROV wiki
will be integrated. Website standards, including accessibilty standards, will be incorporated.

A beta site may be available this time next year.  It will run in parallel with the existing website while any issues are sorted out.

There was some discussion about availability of the collection via Trove.  At the moment metadata is shared with researchdata.ands.org.au . Have a look at http://researchdata.ands.org.au/search/#!/class=collection/p=1/group=Public%20Record%20Office%20Victoria/ to get new insights into the PROV's collection.

The discussion also covered
  • regional archives centres including the new reading room for the Bendigo Archives Centre
  • the Local History Grants program and the Victorian Community History Awards
  • the new exhibition over summer will be Streets of Melbourne opening on 25 November
  • following on from the success of the first open day, another is being panned for March 2014
At the round table at the end of the meeting updates from other stakeholders included
On 1 February moved this post across from my other blogging site (A Family Historian from Ballarat) as I have decided to have only one blog.

Monday, 11 November 2013

Remembrance Day

The grave of Trooper Philip Champion de Crespigny of the 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade of Bendigo VIC, who was killed in action on 14 July 1918. This is the original grave which has been incorporated into Jerusalem War Cemetery. Photographed by Oswald Hillam (Ossie) Coulson Australian War Memorial photograph B03314
We seldom pause to remember the men and women, including our relatives, who died in the First and Second World Wars.

This short list includes only our closest relatives.


World War 1
  • Milo Massey Cudmore 1888 - 1916 
    • died 27 March 1916 at St Eloi, France and remembered on the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial
  • Vyvyan Westbury Hughes 1888 - 1916 
    • died of illness on  28 April 1916 in Colombo, Sri Lanka
  • John Percy Young 1896 - 1918
    • died 9 November 1918 in England from the effects of a mustard gas attack in France and buried Brookwood Cemetery
  • Selwyn Goldstein  1873 - 1917 
    • died 8 June 1917 at Loos, Belgium and buried Poperinghe New Military Cemetery
  • Walter Fish 1878 - 1915
    • died 13 July 1915 at Gallipoli and buried Shrapnel Valley Cemetery
  • William Alfred Fish  1890 - 1917
    • died 9 October 1917 at  Passchendaele, near the town of Ypres in West Flanders and buried Oxford Road Cemetery

World War 2

  • Frank Robert Sewell 1905 - 1943 
    • died 22 February 1943 in Queensland of illness and wounds having served in New Guinea
  • James Morphett Henderson 1915 - 1942 
    • died 11 June 1942 in Off West Africa killed in a flying battle

Saturday, 9 November 2013

John Percival Young (1896 - 1918)

John Percival Young (1896 - 1918), known as Jack, was the older brother of my husband's grandfather Cecil (1898 - 1975).

I have previously written about Cecil's early life.

Jack enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces on 6 October 1916. He gave his age as eighteen years, two months; but in fact he was twenty years and two months.  His trade was engineer (fitter).  He was unmarried; his father was next of kin.1

Jack was assigned to the AIF signal school. He was there from 12 October to 30 November 1916. On 16 December 1916 he embarked at Melbourne on HMAT A7 Medic for Plymouth.

Departure of Medic on 16 December 19162

Departure of Medic on 16 December 19163

Departure of Medic on 16 December 19164
HMAT Medic (A7) departs Melbourne assisted by a tug, and watched by a crowd of well-wishers on the wharf.5

Jack disembarked at Plymouth on 18 February 1917. He was at Sutton Mandeville and Fovant in Wiltshire for the remainder of 1917.

Fovant is noted for twenty regimental badges cut into a chalk hill nearby by soldiers stationed there from 1916. The largest is the Australian Rising Sun badge, which covers an area half the size of a football field. Eight badges remain. The soldiers cut outlines into the grassy hill and then filled the them in with chalk. The badges took about fifty men six months to complete.6

Fovant, England. The Australian Rising Sun emblem cut in the side of a hill.7

Fovant: The badges originate from 1916. From the left:- The Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry, 6th London Regiment and the Australian Commonwealth Military Forces.8

Jack had been attached to the 10th Training Battalion, but by the end of 1917 he was back with his own battalion, the 37th, which sailed for France on 1 January 1918.  On 13 February he was detached for duty with the 3rd Divisional Signal Company. In August he was serving in the 10th Infantry Brigade.

I believe Jack is the Private J. Young in the group portrait of the Signal Section of the 10th Infantry Brigade taken on 7 July 1918.

Group portrait of the Signal Section of the 10th Infantry Brigade, outside the Chateau at Querrieu, 7 July 1918. Pte J. Young is in the back row eighth from the left (fourth from the right).9

On 26 August Jack was admitted to an L of C hospital (Line of Communications hospital), wounded in a mustard gas attack on 25 August while serving with HQ 10th Brigade. On 28 August he was invalided to England and admitted on 29 August to Beaufort Hospital near Bristol.


Beaufort War hospital 191810


Dartford, England. 1918-12. A ward with patients and some staff at No 3 Australian Army Auxiliary Hospital.11
On 26 September Jack was discharged on furlough from Beaufort hospital, but on 6 November he was in hospital again, the 3rd Auxiliary Hospital Dartford. At 11:40 a.m. on 9 November 1918, two days before the war ended, Jack died of pneumonia. He is buried at Brookwood Cemetery.

National Archives of Australia: Australian Imperial Force, Base Records Office; B2455, First Australian Imperial Force Personnel Dossiers, 1914-1920; Young John Percival : SERN 2763 : POB Timor VIC : POE Melbourne VIC : NOK F Young John http://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/scripts/Imagine.asp?B=1911839  folio 27

from http://www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/399265/YOUNG,%20JOHN%20PERCIVAL
Jack's father John completed the Roll of Honour circular.
Australian War Memorial: For the First World War the circulars were forms sent to next of kin seeking information about the deceased. The circulars are the basis of the card indexes from which the Roll of Honour was compiled. Retrieved from http://www.awm.gov.au/research/people/roll_of_honour/person/R1680249/


Dulce Et Decorum Est

Bent double, like old beggars under sacks,
Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge,
Till on the haunting flares we turned our backs
And towards our distant rest began to trudge.
Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots
But limped on, blood-shod. All went lame; all blind;
Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hoots
Of disappointed shells that dropped behind.

GAS! Gas! Quick, boys!-- An ecstasy of fumbling,
Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time;
But someone still was yelling out and stumbling
And floundering like a man in fire or lime.--
Dim, through the misty panes and thick green light
As under a green sea, I saw him drowning.

In all my dreams, before my helpless sight,
He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning.

If in some smothering dreams you too could pace
Behind the wagon that we flung him in,
And watch the white eyes writhing in his face,
His hanging face, like a devil's sick of sin;
If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood
Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs,
Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud
Of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues,--
My friend, you would not tell with such high zest
To children ardent for some desperate glory,
The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est
Pro patria mori.

-- Wilfred Owen


1. National Archives of Australia: Australian Imperial Force, Base Records Office; B2455, First Australian Imperial Force Personnel Dossiers, 1914-1920; Young John Percival : SERN 2763 : POB Timor VIC : POE Melbourne VIC : NOK F Young John http://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/scripts/Imagine.asp?B=1911839
2. Australian War Memorial ID number PB0580 Photographer Barnes, Josiah Object type Black & white - Glass original half plate negative Place made Australia: Victoria, Melbourne, Port Melbourne Date made 16 December 1916 Collection Photograph Description "Medic" A7 retrieved from http://www.awm.gov.au/collection/PB0580
3. Australian War Memorial ID number PB0583 Photographer Barnes, Josiah Object type Black & white - Glass original half plate negative Place made Australia: Victoria, Melbourne, Port Melbourne Date made 16 December 1916 Collection Photograph Description "Medic" A7 retrieved from http://www.awm.gov.au/collection/PB0583
4. Australian War Memorial ID number PB0588 Photographer Barnes, Josiah Object type Black & white - Glass original half plate negative Place made Australia: Victoria, Melbourne, Port Melbourne Date made 16 December 1916 Collection Photograph Description "Medic" A7 retrieved from http://www.awm.gov.au/collection/PB0588
5. Australian War Memorial ID number PB0573 Photographer Barnes, Josiah Object type Black & white - Glass original half plate negative Place made Australia: Victoria, Melbourne, Port Melbourne Date made 16 December 1916 Collection Photograph Description HMAT Medic (A7) departs Melbourne assisted by a tug, and watched by a crowd of well-wishers on the wharf. retrieved from http://www.awm.gov.au/collection/PB0573
6. https://www.awm.gov.au/encyclopedia/chalk/ ,   http://www.fovantbadges.com/his_det.htm , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fovant_Badges
7. Australian War Memorial ID number H13577 Photographer Raf Negno Sop/A 392p Object type Black & white - Print silver gelatin Collection Photograph Description Fovant, England. The Australian Rising Sun emblem cut in the side of a hill. (Donor Official Secretary, Australia House, London). retrieved from http://www.awm.gov.au/collection/H13577
8. © Copyright Miss Steel and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence
9. Australian War Memorial ID number E03830 Makers Unknown Australian Official Photographer (Photographer); Object type Black & white - Glass original half plate negative Place made France: Picardie, Somme, Corbie Albert Area, Querrieu Date made 7 July 1918 Collection Photograph Description Group portrait of the Signal Section of the 10th Infantry Brigade, outside the Chateau at Querrieu. Left to right, back row: 1053 Private (Pte) A. Poppleton; 10840 Lance Corporal (L Cpl) V. V. Hallissey MM; 48 Pte P. F. McKinley MM; 19121 Sapper (Spr) A. S. Dawkins; 10836 Spr H. Dunn; 21132 Spr H. C. Stienhauser; 10831 Spr Edmund Abberton; Pte J. Young; 2411 Pte V. Warne; 14228 L Cpl H. H. Ford; 34131 Spr D. M. Morpeth MM. Middle row: 34185 Spr G. C. Muldoon; 10855 Spr G. H. Underwood; 2869 Spr F. J. O'Connor; 19112 Spr A. J. Williams; 21099 Spr K. Berriman; 7497 Spr W. B. Thom; 10624 Spr C. E. Hopkins; 2271 Pte E. Hynds MM; 17460 Spr G. W. Wells; 2115 Spr W. B. Bowtell; 2151 Spr J. R. C. McGhee; 19179 Spr R. J. Thompson. Front row: 16401 Spr A. L. Hager MM; 10838 L Cpl V. R. Ford; 10584 Cpl E. Benner MM; 10852 Sergeant (Sgt) Eric D. Strang; Lieutenant L. V. Smith MC; 10841 Sgt E. J. Hocking MM; 10843 Corporal (Cpl) H. Hurley; 10834 L Cpl J. Brown; 17077 Spr J. C. Wallace MM. retrieved from http://www.awm.gov.au/collection/E03830
10. uploaded to Flickr by Paul Townsend and made available under Creative Commons license retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/brizzlebornandbred/9330852837/in/photostream/
11. Australian War Memorial ID number H03892 Object type Black & white - Print silver gelatin Collection Photograph Description Dartford, England. 1918-12. A ward with patients and some staff at No 3 Australian Army Auxiliary Hospital. retrieved from http://www.awm.gov.au/collection/H03892



Wednesday, 6 November 2013

de Crespigny - Beggs 1891 wedding

In 1891, one hundred and twelve years ago, my great-great-grandfather, Philip de Crespigny (1850-1927) married Sophia Beggs (1870 - 1936).
The Sentinel. (1891, November 7). Queenscliff Sentinel, Drysdale, Portarlington & Sorrento Advertiser (Vic. : 1885 - 1894), p. 1. Retrieved November 5, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73592032

This news item was reproduced in the Euroa Advertiser of 13 November, with the bride's surname given correctly as Beggs.

His marriage to Sophia Beggs was Philip de Crespigny's second, and this wedding seems a little more sedate than his first. In 1883 Philip's first wife, Annie Frances née Chauncy, had died at the age of twenty-five, leaving him with two young boys: Philip born 1879 and Constantine Trent (then called Con) born 1882.  At the time of her death, Philip and Annie had been married for little more than five years.

In March 1889 P. C. Crespigny was manager of the South Melbourne Branch of the Bank of Victoria.  He had previously served at Queenscliff (where Annie Frances had died ) and Epsom near Bendigo (where his son Philip was born).  By August 1890 he had been promoted to Assistant Inspector of Branches for the bank, and went on to  become General Manager in 1916. 

Sophia Beggs was the cousin of  Philip's brother-in-law, Frank Beggs (1850 - 1921), who had married Rose de Crespigny (1858 - 1937) in 1876.

References
  •   Euroa Advertiser. (1891, November 13). Euroa Advertiser (Vic. : 1884 - 1920), p. 2. Retrieved November 6, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article65531264
  •  Advertising. (1889, March 23). Record (Emerald Hill, Vic. : 1881 - 1900), p. 1. Retrieved November 6, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article111967484
  •  Advertising. (1890, November 8). Illustrated Australian News (Melbourne, Vic. : 1890 - 1896), p. 20. Retrieved November 6, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60444634
  •  The Horsham Times. (1890, August 22). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved November 6, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article72866280
  •  BANK OF VICTORIA. (1916, February 1). The Horsham Times (Vic. : 1882 - 1954), p. 3. Retrieved November 6, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73169623
 

Tuesday, 5 November 2013

Trove Tuesday: Melbourne Cup 1916

On the first Tuesday in November Australia stops, or so it's said, for the running of the Melbourne Cup, the richest, best attended, and most widely bet-on thoroughbred horse race of the spring season.

The Cup is famous for the glamourous clothes worn by lady spectators, and in 1916, a year when the Cup had been postponed to Saturday because the track was too soft from rain* for a Tuesday start, one of the women in their beautiful outfits was my great-great-grand aunt, Viola de Crespigny (1855-1929).

Five years earlier, in 1911, the Adelaide papers had described the pretty clothes worn by a Miss de Crespigny from Victoria, probably Viola or perhaps her sister Ada (1848-1927), at the Adelaide Cup in South Australia. Like Viola in Melbourne she also favoured brown.

This Miss de Crespigny was presumably visiting her nephew, my great-grandfather Constantine Trent de Crespigny, who at that time lived in Adelaide.


* Perhaps a little like the softened ground around the Somme, a contest for which was being held at this time in France.


....
CUP DRESSES. (1916, November 16). Punch (Melbourne, Vic. : 1914 - 1918), p. 31. Retrieved November 5, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article121079943


Five years earlier there was a Miss de Crespigny from Victoria watching the Adelaide Cup. 

THE ADELAIDE CUP. (1911, May 9). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), p. 8. Retrieved November 5, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5287811


Trove Tuesday: Samuel Proudfoot Hawkins

TABLE TALK. (1867, April 29). Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 - 1876), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved November 3, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64637763
TABLE TALK. (1867, May 6). Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 - 1876), p. 2 Edition: EVENING. Retrieved October 29, 2013, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article64637812

Samuel Proudfoot Hawkins (1819--1867), born on 30 April 1819 at Dumfries, Scotland to Robert Hawkins (1770--1841) and Penelope Hawkins née Carruthers (1765--1845), was my great great great grandfather.


In 1839, when he was only twenty, Samuel Hawkins, 'occupation storekeeper', sailed from Edinburgh to Port Phillip on the David Clark, the first ship to sail there directly with immigrants from the United Kingdom.   He travelled without any immediate relatives. His eldest brother, Robert, and cousin, Thomas, had previously settled in New South Wales. (Hudson, Helen Lesley Cherry stones : adventures in genealogy of Taylor, Hutcheson, Hawkins of Scotland, Plaisted, Green, Hughes of England and Wales ... who immigrated to Australia between 1822 and 1850. H.L. Hudson, [Berwick] Vic, 1985. p. 38) (Janson, Elizabeth. "They Came by the David Clark in 1839." In Victoria before 1848. OoCities.org, 1999. retrieved 04 Nov. 2013. <http://www.oocities.org/vic1847/ship/david39.html>.)

In 1841, within three years of Samuel's arrival, an S.P. Hawkins is listed as a land surveyor, with offices in Lonsdale Street, in Kerr's Melbourne Almanac and Port Phillip Directory(http://members.optushome.com.au/lenorefrost/kerr.html )  He appears to have begun his land surveying career working for Robert Russell, the first surveyor of Melbourne.

From Melbourne Samuel moved to the Western District, first to Portland and then to Melville Forest, near Coleraine. (pdf of Victorian Heritage database listing for Melville Forest homestead complex  vhd.heritage.vic.gov.au/reports/report_place/23456 )
In 1849, at the age of thirty, Samuel married Jeanie Hutcheson (1824 - 1864).  Jeanie's three brothers had also settled in the Portland district.
Cherry stones p. 44  "Probably an engagement photograph, but certainly of Jeanie and Samuel Hawkins taken about 1849."
 Samuel wrote to his brother James in 1849
I know not whether in my last letter I acquainted you with my changed condition of life from the single to the married. To describe who and what She is is impossible to be intelligibble. Her name is Jeanie Hutcheson, the sister of 3 respectable settlers on the Glenelg River and with this introduction, seasoned by my love and esteem, I beg to introduce her to your notice and remembrance (Cherry Stones p. 43.)
They had eight children.  In 1864, after an illness of seventeen days, Jeanie died "disease of stomach and liver" and the complications of a miscarriage.  She was 40 years old. Their children were aged from two to fifteen years.
  • Isabella Hawkins (1849 – 1916)
  • Penelope Bell Hawkins (1851 – 1898)
  • Robert James Hawkins (1853 – 1854) 
  • Robert James Hawkins (1854 – 1893) 
  • Georgina Hawkins (1856 – 1944) 
  • David Hawkins (1858 – 1922) 
  • Janet "Jessie" Hawkins (1860 – 1944)
  • Jeanie Hawkins (1862 – 1941) (my great great grandmother)

Cherry Stones p. 46.
In 1865 Samuel married Mary Adamson (1843 - 1908), governess of his children. They had two children. The first died in infancy and the second was born on 23 July 1867, just over three months after Samuel's death on 22 April 1867.
  • Mary Hawkins (1866 – 1866) 
  • Samuel Melville Hawkins (1867 – 1947)
Samuel Proudfoot Hawkins's death certificate states he died of delerium tremens and exhaustion after an illness of one week. He was 47 years old. (Victoria Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages; death certificate 5050/1867)
Delirium tremens can occur when you stop drinking alcohol after a period of heavy drinking, especially if you do not eat enough food. Delirium tremens may also be caused by head injury, infection, or illness in people with a history of heavy alcohol use. It is most common in people who have a history of alcohol withdrawal. It is especially common in those who drink 4 - 5 pints of wine or 7 - 8 pints of beer (or 1 pint of "hard" alcohol) every day for several months. Delirium tremens also commonly affects people who have had an alcohol habit or alcoholism for more than 10 years. (Dugdale, David C., III MD. "Delirium Tremens." MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 20 Mar. 2011. retrieved 04 Nov. 2013. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000766.htm>.)
Today delirium tremens, which is sometimes fatal, is usually treated in hospital. Symptoms include body tremors, changes in mental function such as hallucinations, confusion and restlessness, and seizures. (MedlinePlus)

Samuel's grave is in Portland North Cemetery, where he is buried with his first wife and their infant son  Robert James Hawkins (1853-1854).  His second wife died at Kyneton in 1908.

Probate was granted on the estate of Samuel Hawkins, Esquire of Melville Forest Station on 4 July 1867.  His estate was estimated to be valued at £14,000.  (Probate files held by Public Record Office of Victoria reference 6/328)  Today the value of his estate is in the order of $2 million up to nearly $13 million; the lower value is based on the changes in the retail price index and the higher value on the changes in average earnings. (Using the conversion calculator at http://www.measuringworth.com which is based on shifts in purchasing power of British pounds).